Best Mountain Bike GPS Reviews of 2018 with Buying Guide
Keeping a record of your riding data update is an essential for keen riders. If you are one of those passionate riders you must seek for an intense summary of a bike trip. Here’s the quick answer of best mountain bike GPS (Feb, 2018) for you:
- Garmin Edge 520 Bundle (The Best)
- Wahoo ELEMNT GPS Bike Computer (Editor’s Choice)
- Garmin Edge 1000 Bundle GPS
- Garmin Edge 25 GPS Cycling Computer (Best for the Money)
- Polar M450 GPS Bike Computer
- Garmin Edge 810 GPS Unit
- Edge 200 GPS-Enabled Bike Computer
- Edge 1000 Color Touchscreen Bike GPS
- Garmin Edge 800 GPS-Enabled Cycling Computer
- Bryton Rider 530 GPS Cycling Computer
Riding your MTB is the chance to break free and experience rough terrains with the Adrenaline rush. Still, you want to make sure that you are on the right trail, fully equipped and properly prepared. In addition to a high-quality bike, you need to make sure that you are packing the right accessories. One of the seemingly small additions that can change the way you experience rough terrains is to install the best GPS for your mountain bike.
Mountain bike GPS devices come with different features and are offered at various price ranges. You will have a variety of products to choose from in order to find the most suitable one. But which one is the best one? How can you pick the most suitable GPS for your next mountain biking quest? You’ve come to the right place.
- 1 Reviews of the 10 Mountain Bike GPS
- 1.1 Garmin Edge 520 Bike Bundle Computer
- 1.2 Wahoo ELEMNT GPS Bike Computer
- 1.3 Garmin Edge 1000 Bundle
- 1.4 Garmin Edge 25 GPS Cycling Computer
- 1.5 Polar M450 GPS Bike Computer
- 1.6 Garmin Edge 810 GPS Bike Computer
- 1.7 Garmin Edge 200 GPS-Enabled Bike Computer
- 1.8 Garmin Edge 1000 Color Touchscreen GPS
- 1.9 Garmin Edge 800 GPS-Enabled Cycling Computer
- 1.10 Bryton Rider 530 GPS Cycling Computer
- 2 What is Cycling GPS?
- 3 Why You Need a Cycling GPS?
- 4 What Should You Know About Bike GPS, Before Making The Final Purchase
Reviews of the 10 Mountain Bike GPS
I know as so many devices in the market, it can get confusing. Therefore, to help you we made a list which is listed according to the requirements not ranking. After all, you are going to make the final decision and only you know, what features are the best match for you.
This is an extremely functional as well as handy bike GPS computer, which will work perfectly with your mountain bike. This latest Edge unit is compatible with ANT+ sensors which include heart rate monitor, speed and cadence sensor. The updated features include metrics, measurements, and resourceful features, such as Recovery Advisor, Strava Live and a host of new metrics such as estimated VO2 Max. It calculates the functional threshold power (FTP) and watts/kg tracking. Once prepared with an FTP, you will be competent to measure the time of the effort utilization during your customized fitness interval.
It is also compatible with ANT+ power meters, combine with Vector series. Therefore, as soon as you start pedaling, the trainer will routinely regulate to maintain your target. Meanwhile, the 520 will continue showing your stats. It will measure your pedaling power and the help you balance an effective pedaling. You can set an itinerary-recorded (you or someone else created) and the trainer will alter resistance to match the altitude profile.
I have already informed you about Live and Social Data tracking (Strava). Well, all the bike computers do not have such facilities, but this Garmin Edge 520 Bundle Mountain Bike Computer has it all. This is the master of connectivity. It can easily transfer data to your smartphone, with Bluetooth. You can easily sync it with your smartphone and then receive calls, text, and email alert on the screen while you are riding.
This is the first bike GPS computer that is attuned with Strava live and social data tracking(includes a 3-month trial of Strava Premium). The unswerving connectivity with Strava provides you an edging ride. The segments keep you informed while you ride, concurrently exhibiting the stats of your current recitation against the existing K/QOM and your possessed individual record, in order to improve your effort. Furthermore, the live Strava connectivity is well structured, so enables a routine training, this makes this GPS computer exclusive. If you are an adventurous, passionate rider, then you must be a data geek if this is your case this bike computer is for you.
About convenience, Garmin Edge 520 Bundle Bike Computer has a touch screen as well as exterior buttons which make it easier to be used, while on the go. The screen is quite wide and visible in all light conditions and it has seven buttons.
The design, arrangement, menu and functions are updated according to your comfort. Edge 520 has a memory capacity to allow you to upload map details of your current riding location, so that you can zoom in and see your neighboring locations for better navigation, as well.
- Lightweight and compact.
- High-quality high-resolution display.
- New features including functional threshold power and cycling dynamics.
- Speed and heart monitors.
- Social media sharing features in addition to live tracking.
- The ability to receive calls, texts and other notifications.
- Buttons can be very difficult to push.
- If you need the backlight on, the battery will not last as much as you expect it to.
If you are shopping for the best GPS for your MTB, then this is definitely one of the products that you should consider. It is very reliable as it automatically pairs to keep you connected while providing all the necessary information about your trip. The fast and hassle-free set up will encourage you to use it every time you hit the trail. It measures your heart beats, speed and cadence. Moreover, it automatically uploads and downloads relevant route information for your safety and convenience.
All you have to do is to enter the information of your destination. Your GPS will automatically search the updated maps then will highlight the optimized cycling routes. Stay safe and avoid surprises by installing this reliable MTB GPS. It is Wi-Fi and Bluetooth compatible to provide all the necessary information that you will need off the road. With detailed data about every single turn, you will be able to explore any terrain comfortably.
It comes with a 2.7 inches day bright display, so you will be able to see all the details about your trip regardless of the light conditions. You can link it to popular cycling apps, your phone or any other device that you wish to keep connected as you explore rough terrains. You will receive notifications about your emails, texts and calls while on your MTB. It features easy to use buttons in addition to the ability to zoom the screen.
- Big display with reliable and easy to access buttons.
- Automatically downloads, uploads and synchronizes with a lot of cycling apps.
- Provides turn by turn navigation.
- Measures heart rate, speed and pace.
- Wi-Fi and Bluetooth connectivity.
- It sometimes unpairs on its own. You might want to check the pairing every time you hit the trail.
The Garmin Edge 1000 Bundle can be perfect for your mountain bike as it’s one of the best Garmin GPS, especially if you travel on both paved and unpaved terrains. Because this bike GPS works fine on and off the road, credit goes to the device’s round-trip routing feature.
You can connect, compare and improve your riding with this GPS. Intrude your desired ride distance, and Edge 1000 will be able to calculate up to 3 riding attuned routes. You can even analyze the summary before making your final selection.
The new route scheme means you to produce routes in a straight line on the Edge 1000 using the map through the downloadable POI and segments from Garmin Connect. Again, before you start riding, you can compare the profiles of your customized routes. If not contented, the Edge can drive you back at the starting point, by determining the straightest route and assist with subdivision while guiding. Besides the in-ride challenges and connected features, it also has advanced bike navigation and mapping aptitude.
Now search for address roads and bike lanes, altitude data, and points of attention as the preload Garmin Cycle Map includes OSM (Open Street Map). Mapping data can be recorded and accumulate onboard, so that your navigation admission and performance potentials don’t need to be reliant on cell coverage, plus the maps get to be updated for free.
The 3-inch high-resolution color touchscreen display with dual orientation has an ambient light sensor to recover visibility; it can robotically regulate the screen brightness according to the current necessity of light. This model of Garmin Edge is also compatible with ANT+™ sensors providing speed, cadence, heart rate reading and your suited weight scale. It is the first Garmin Edge bike GPS computer that assimilates with Shimano Di2 electronic shifting systems to display your current gear on the screen.
ANT+ power meter compatibility includes Vector™, which is a distinctive pedal-based power meter that can measure overall utilized power and direct you to balance and cadence. A preloaded power-based workout on Garmin Edge 1000 Bundle enables you to analyze your functional threshold power (FTP), from which you can estimate power training regions.
The calendar training offers advanced workouts, with which you can make a diary of listing, graphs and schedules and upload them from Garmin Connect. The connectivity features offer smartphone synchronization; the Garmin Connect™ Mobile app; live tracking; incoming call and text alert; social data sharing; weather updates; Bluetooth/wireless uploads; sending/receiving courses and segments, all these are available.
As soon as your ride is successful, the data will be automatically shared with Garmin Connect by using Bluetooth or Wi-Fi. This will keep you connected and immediately share the details of your ride with friends, family and social media contacts. The Live Data Tracking will inform your dear people about your races and training activities in exact time.
- A big 3 inches screen that will allow you to see every detail.
- The screen automatically adjusts to the low conditions to provide better visibility.
- Allows you to compete on Garmin Connect Segments for real life results.
- Receives notifications from your smartphone.
- Highlights the best cycling navigation routes in addition to the points of interest.
- Comes with two mounts to allow you to use it right away.
- In order to activate the Live Tracking feature, you will have to stop other functions on the bike computer.
If you are looking for the best cheap mountain bike GPS that is compact yet would still provide excellent performance, then this is the one for you.
It is one of the smallest cycling GPS devices, but this doesn’t mean that it won’t provide all the relevant data for your safety while riding your mountain bike.
The GPS device is compatible with satellites to track how far and how fast you ride. Although it is not expensive, it efficiently adds the Glonass feature where you will be tracked even if you ride in difficult terrains or under tree covers. The device is Garmin Connect compatible, and this means that you will be able to share all your data with your friends and family in real time.
Garmin Edge 25 GPS Cycling Computer will provide the right data about your speed, heart beats, and your cadence. You will be able to download courses and compare your personal records with post ride data to get a clear idea of your progress. It will be durable and water resistant that it will last for long.
- Ultra-compact and lightweight bike computer.
- Features GLONASS technology with satellite connectivity for the perfect tracking even under a tree cover.
- Allows for better connectivity and live sharing with your friends and family.
- Analyzes uploaded maps, finished routes and post ride stats.
- Monitors your heart pace, speed and cadence.
- Battery runs pretty fast.
This is the best GPS for mountain biking that will provide reliable information about your ride without breaking the bank. It is very convenient to use as it keeps track of your speed in addition to all the relevant data about your route.
This affordable bike GPS features a high-quality and reliable LED screen. It is very convenient to use as it will allow you to see all the data you need on the trail. The display size is not huge but is big enough to keep you updated when you are off the road. It weighs only 51 grams. Nevertheless, it records 12 hours of data with no problem whatsoever.
You will be able to monitor your heartbeats in addition to understanding more about the recovery time after your trip. This is great news for people who are trying to keep an eye on their health. It generates personalized and customized feedback for future reference. This will allow you to maximize the benefits of your training. It also connects to other apps, allowing you to plan your cycling workout the way you like it. Moreover, you can easily change the cover to match your bike and gear.
- Affordable GPS with a high-quality LED screen.
- Lightweight and compact. Nevertheless, it is able to record 12 hours of data.
- Training guidance and workout planning.
- Provides feedback after your ride.
- Integrates with several apps to monitor your heartbeats, speed in addition to barometric pressure changes.
- The display is black and white.
- It takes time to understand what the buttons do with respect to the different functions on the computer.
If you are looking for a GPS bike to track every single detail, while riding, then the Garmin Edge 810 GPS Bike Computer is the one. It is designed with a touchscreen for the riders comfort. It is companionable with voluntary comprehensive street or TOPO maps. Therefore, you always stay guided during your adventures, with the support of best navigation. Besides, the advanced navigation limits are set to any location within the world.
The advanced navigation and training potentials are merged in one device. Moreover, the Edge 810 can record distance, speed metrics, ascent/descent, grade and more. As it is companionable with ANT+® sensors, it can give additional measures of heart rate, speed/cadence and power. You will be able to customize data fields and device settings are founding on riding commotion in the activity profiles. Available customization are the road, mountain or touring options.
Change outlines effortlessly with a run off on the touchscreen and the 810 will be set up to show the data for that ride. It even has the widest screen, for the best viewing of data. When Garmin Edge 810 GPS is corresponding with a dual-sensing Vector, power meter, the metrics appraise where the pedal stroke is utilized power, and how to pedal more effectively, this supports the rider to gain riding skills.
Use Bluetooth to transfer data to your smartphone. Live Tracking allows your riding companions to track you. The Social Data tracking ( Strava) keeps your stats and location on the map updated.
- Touchscreen and user-friendly interface with rugged construction.
- Provides comprehensive data about your trip.
- Live tracking feature with instant uploads.
- Synchronizes with your smartphone for updated data.
- Compatible with different maps to help you plan for your ride.
- The mount is not very sturdy.
- The maps are not built-in. Only the primary roads are installed and you will have to pay extra to download reliable maps for your MTB adventure.
Using the MTB GPS allows you to ride your bike comfortably with all the data needed for a safe fun trip. This device acts as a mini computer that you can carry around while riding your mountain bike.
The sleek and lightweight design makes it convenient to carry and the easy to read display will allow you to get all the information you need without taking your attention off the road ahead of you.
This is a user-friendly GPS device that will work the minute you mount it to your mountain bike. No set up needed and you will not spend hours trying to figure it out. Its minimalist design doesn’t reflect its quality because Garmin Edge 200 Bike Computer is designed to be a hassle-free device that will present you all the needed information in an easy smooth way.
This device will connect to the Garmin Connect, an easy to navigate website for free data analysis and information sharing. You will be able to get information about the distance you traveled, the time, speed and the calories you burn during each ride.
It will connect with the satellite to help you calculate your position quickly and will automatically turn the timer on and off when you start moving or when you stop. This means that you will able to keep track of your performance and everything will be calculated accurately.
The Garmin Edge 200 GPS will keep you motivated as it stores 130 hours of ride data so that you can easily see how far you’ve gone towards achieving your goals.
- Lightweight and elegant design.
- Easy to read screen with auto time zone.
- Easy set up and connects fast with the satellite to provide accurate data.
- Stores up to 130 hours of data about your performance.
- Allows you to challenge yourself by comparing your current performance to a previous one.
- No heart monitor included.
- Doesn’t synchronize via Bluetooth.
When you decide to ride your mountain bike, you need something that will help you stay focused on the road. This device is the best Garmin GPS that you can use or give as a gift to someone you love, who is a mountain biking enthusiast.
This device has a big wide clear screen that will allow you to see what you need with ease and the display will adjust according to the light. You will always see whatever you need clearly even in the shade or in tunnels. This device has a touchscreen that is glove friendly. You don’t need to take off your gloves while riding your bike and this means that you will stay focused on the road.
This device will allow you to compete even with yourself by cutting every race into separate segments so that you can see your results in real time and evaluate your performance compared to your past parts.
You will even get a leaderboard ranking versus your previous segments. Because it easily connects to the Garmin Connect, you will be able to have the relevant data for on the road or off road navigation.
With the Garmin Edge 1000 Color Touchscreen GPS, you will not miss one single notification. All your texts, calls and emails will be on display because it is compatible with iPhone 4 and later models. It will notify you about the weather and enable social media sharing. You will have access to preloaded maps, and you will be able to customize and create your own map based on the routes you choose.
This Garmin Edge 1000 is convenient to use thanks to the extended out front mount that will allow you to take a glance while keeping all your attention on the road.
- 3 inches gloves-friendly touchscreen that you can use on the go.
- Display light automatically adjusts in low light conditions.
- Ride is divided into segments on your device. This allows you to keep track of data and update performance.
- Synchronizes with your smartphone to receive emails, texts and calls notifications.
- Preloaded maps with points of interest.
- Doesn’t provide information about the calories you burn or your cadence.
When you are using the Mountain Bike GPS, you need to make sure that you are using a device that is easy to use and would still provide the relevant information.
This device is highly sensitive with a great touchscreen that you can use while riding so that you can stay focused on the road.
This bike GPS will provide all the needed information to stay connected with data about the route you are traveling. You can also compare current data to previous information to see how you progress. It is easy to mount and will provide the needed data for a safe and fun trip for every mountain bike enthusiast.
This Garmin Edge 800 GPS is highly durable and will not malfunction or break even when you ride it in the toughest weather. It will take the rain and the sun with no problem and would still provide the needed information.
It is perfect to use because you will be able to see the digits and data easily in any light thanks to the configuration screen that you can easily access while staying focused on the road.
You will get all the information about speed, time, heart rate and elevation. If your budget is low, you can a buy one without Heart Rate Monitor and Speed/Cadence Sensor. You will also be able to set a virtual path and race against it. It is budget friendly but would still offer a lot of great features.
- Highly sensitive device for accurate data even under tree cover.
- Reliable and easy to use touchscreen.
- Barometric altimeter to provide more relevant information as you explore wild terrains.
- User-friendly interface.
- Stores data about your trip and shows them on your computer.
- The uploaded maps need to be updated regularly.
- The screen is a little bit difficult to see in bright light.
This is a great GPS device that you can depend on when you are on your MTB. As you explore wild terrains, the ability to access updated data becomes extremely important. This reliable device has a 2.6 inches display that will show 12 cycling data at the same time. It is the best to plan your ride thanks to the Follow Track functions. It will give you detailed information before every turn allowing you to successfully plan your trip.
The device has a built-in compass to guarantee that you are heading where you want. It synchronizes your data in a few seconds. You get to analyze the data of your trips and share them on social media. You can also compete with other riders who share their data on STRAVA app.
This is the best GPS device to use before, during or after your ride. It provides all the needed information that you need to plan your trip ahead. It allows you to study every turn of your trip in addition to analyzing the data after your trip is over.
- 6 inches display that is easy to read.
- Shows 12 pieces of information about your trip.
- Analyzes the route before you reach your destination.
- Synchronizes with your computer.
- Shares your data with other users.
- Regular GPS updates.
- The mount is not sturdy.
- Side buttons are not very practical.
What is Cycling GPS?
The abbreviation of GPS is Global Positioning System, which is a satellite-base navigation network that supports to allocate the exact locations and time information, from anyplace on Earth or close to Earth, throughout any weather circumstance. The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a combination of 24 satellites. Therefore, each orbits the globe twice per day.
So, how does a bike GPS work, right? First of all, a bike GPS will utilize satellite navigation technology to track the speed and distance you have traveled. It exercises a satellite receiver to alter GPS signals into ride data. The next thing you need to do is upload the data you have achieved through the GPS network into your preferable training computer program. This program will employ data collections and maps with the support of GPS to exhibit your route, speed, location, time, distance, elevation, cadence, etc. This is how your lucid synopsis will be visible on the screen of the bike GPS, which will assist you to outline your advancement as a rider and pushes you further, to improve your riding skills.
There are classifications between Bike GPS programs. Some include elective sensors that can monitor your heart rate; pedal cadence/power while you ride. A GPS receiver, which is employed as a bike GPS, requires, at least, three satellites to estimate the bike’s location. GPS units are surprisingly precise.
Why You Need a Cycling GPS?
A Cycling GPS is a little device but can make a world of difference when you are off the road. GPS technology has taken over the world over the past few years. The world of mountain biking is no different.
GPS devices are compact devices that will provide all the needed information that will help you navigate. You will get data about the trail you have ahead of you, the loops you have covered so far in addition to the activity of other cyclists. When attached to your MTB, they can help guide you on the trail or record data from the distance you have traveled so far.
They are very popular because they can even help others track you down as you explore the unknown. Most of the high-quality models will come with the ability to upload new and updated maps. These will help improve the quality of your MTB experience.
A lot of people might argue that most smartphones have GPS options as well. However, carrying your expensive phone when you are the trail might not be the best idea. Think of accidents, bumps, heat and rain. Also you Smartphones built-in GPS receiver is not as convenient as an influential cycle computer.
Smartphones surely don’t have a battery life, as brilliant as a GPS bike computer. This means the phone battery will die soon, and you will have no backup plan during emergencies. Often smartphones are unable to provide a detailed map, which is a very significant feature you may need.
One of the chief drawback while using a smartphone as a bike computer is its weight and the battery life. How and where will you place the smartphone, while you are rushing through the uneven tracks?
Chances are the phone may fall off, do you really want to take such a risk. Besides, the dedicated smartphones that you can mount with your handlebars are quite expensive and heavy. Also, you have to position your smartphone in a rugged case.
As a result, it will gain extra weight and cost. Therefore, instead of investing extra money on your smartphone, you should get a GPS Bike Computer, which is more suitable of your mountain bike.
A high-quality GPS is not going to be cheap but will definitely cost less than an expensive smartphone. Moreover, it is built to withstand rough and extreme conditions. You will be able to connect it to your phone to get the message and phone call alerts. You might even have the opportunity to share the news of your experience on social media.
GPS devices are very easy to use. You can easily mount them to your bike’s handlebars or frame. This will provide a clear view when you are on the trail so you will not have to take your eyes off the road. The best mountain bike GPS will help you with weather forecasts. These will help you better prepare for your trip. They also usually come with easy to use screens that help you switch between features for your convenience.
What Should You Know About Bike GPS, Before Making The Final Purchase
To find the most compatible mountain bike GPS for your mountain bike, you need to consider that the bike GPS has all the facilities you are looking for. The facilities must include information which will be beneficial to your riding zest. So, now we are going to specify the available criteria of several units of mountain bike GPS computers, to help you evaluate. As I have already mentioned, the listing is made according to the features and criteria, thus, you need to read thoroughly, note down your essentials and make sure they are integrated into your decision, that is how you will discover the best MTB GPS unite, you are looking for.
GPS sensors are basically wireless. It is easier to install them. There is no need for long wires. Therefore, it leaves a clean look. The GPS units manage to detect signals with the help of heart rate monitor straps and on-bike sensors to plot further additional data such as cadence and heart rate.
You should make a major investigation on set-up before making the final purchase decision, you need to spend more time to study on a complex bike GPS. It may seem a little difficult to be understood in the first place, but eventually, you will recognize the programs.
The difficulty level of a mountain bike GPS computer set-up mostly depends on the number of features and functions. The unit carries or utilizes. This means the highest number of features/functions results to a lower ranking of set-up. But you don’t have to worry about that, as GPS is a wireless program and set-up is simpler for wireless devices.
Backlight aids a reliable reading through low light; it is essentially a form of illuminator used to produce a visible reading and display. You can ride through terrains after the sun sets and still can analyze your progress.
Availability of data alternatives enables the data transfer to a computer. Therefore, it makes the screen more customizable. You can even easily swap between bikes. Now, transfer the necessary data to your desires training program, software or a social fitness site/website.
Data Screen and Interface
The data screen may have a limited screen or may allow you to work with several screens. It can have a touch display or you may have to scroll through with the push of a button. It depends on, so, study before you purchase.
The interface is the technique you will employ to function the bike GPS. The devices may utilize a blending of a touch screen and buttons, utilize blending of touch screen and buttons, otherwise, may use either touchscreen or Buttons. Buttons are mainly for the regularly used functions such as power on/off and start/stop reading. The touch screen can be utilized to steer between the listed data slides and all set-up menu functions, meanwhile riding.
The customization of the display can be available, or it can be fixed too. You need to inquire, before purchasing. Other customizations include a choice of changing the font size. The font size, reliability depends on whether you are in a stationary position or are you in motion. A font size can be quite visible when you are still and can get blurry; immediately you catch momentum.
Mountain bike GPS, computers employs a built-in rechargeable battery which can last up to 20 hours. It means, the bike GPS, computers supports the best battery life. I will suggest you to look for a bike GPS with a minimum of 14 hours of battery life, since, they do not have a removable battery option.
This feature can be included in an essential bike GPS sports watch, which can be mounted to your bike’s handlebars with the help of an adapter. This kind of devices has multiple usages, besides, they are durable and waterproof.
Some bike GPS devices can sync with your phone. So that you can receive/send calls, texts and emails. You can also share data with the help of Bluetooth from your GPS to your phone.
Compare and share your data. All you need it to connect to the Garmin’s Connect, view activities of another rider, compare your activity with theirs. You can upload your activity too.
Live and Social Data tracking (Strava)
Live GPS tracking is the highlighting function of the bike GPS. Only a very few yet the best mountain bike computers has a live GPS tracking. This might not be that essential for you. But this is a fun program, which permits your location to be tracked, which means your friends and riding companions can actually track you, and can do the same. This navigation will appear as a small dot on the screen.
The GPS detects its location from the satellites and propels the positional data to other smartphone/GPS computers via Bluetooth. The smartphone, then draw on its cellular connection to launch the current spotting information to a server. This is how the location map is updated. Strava is web-based software that will help you to upload ride data from a host of diverse devices. That means you can transfer data from your bike GPS to your phone, and use your phone as a tracking device. Strava works as a social data tracking and a workout tracking software.
I know the features can be a bit complicated, but once you understand their use, you will be able to figure out, what is going to be useful for you. All these Bike GPS will work fine on your mountain bike, but as you are looking for the most excellent device, you need to invest some time in studying in depth, that is when you will be able to discover the best mountain bike GPS, for yourself. Hope this article helps your decision.